"The announcement by the United States about its recent talks with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is an important step forward. As I have said before, the Agency has an essential role to play in verifying the DPRK’s nuclear programme. Pending further details, we stand ready to return to Yongbyon to undertake monitoring activities upon request and with the agreement of the Agency’s Board of Governors."
- 29 February, Vienna - Statement by IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano

Revitalizing Arms Control Through Multilateral Engagement

Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification and Compliance Rose Gottemoeller discusses missile defense, and the START and Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) treaties in Bucharest, Romania, in December 2011. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]

By Rich Davis, Director for the Office of Euro-Atlantic Security in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance.

In what is to be her last visit to Europe in 2011, Rose Gottemoeller, Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, visited Brussels, London, Sofia, Bucharest, and Chisinau. She engaged in a Verification Dialogue with the European Union in Brussels, and in a speech delivered at Wilton Park in England, she outlined the efforts the United States has made toward commencing Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty negotiations. She also held constructive conversations reaffirming our commitment to revitalizing conventional arms control in Europe with her counterparts in Bulgaria, Romania, and Moldova.

When working together on many issues of mutual interest, incnoluding pursuing beneficial agreements on top priorities like nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, we can provide a better foundation for further cooperation and dialogue across a broad range of issues. Assistant Secretary Gottemoeller was joined by Assistant Secretary for International Security and Nonproliferation Tom Countryman in Brussels, where they participated in the U.S.-EU Verification Dialogue and discussed the way ahead in arms control and nonproliferation challenges. Full Text

Security Council Briefing on Iran and Resolution 1737

 

Today, the UN Security Council met to discuss steps forward on existing Iran sanctions. Ambassador Susan Rice said, "…sanctions are only a means to an end. Our ultimate goal is to ensure that Iran enters into full compliance with all its international nuclear obligations and takes the steps necessary to resolve outstanding questions. In the face of Iran’s deception and intransigence, the international community must speak with one voice, making clear that Iranian actions jeopardize international peace and security and will only further isolate the regime.

President Obama has been unequivocal with respect to our policy toward the Iranian nuclear program. As he has said, “There should be no doubt, the United States and the international community are determined to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.” Iran’s illicit nuclear activity – and the threat it poses to regional stability and the rules underpinning the nuclear non-proliferation regime – is one of the greatest global challenges we face.” Full Text

IAEA Director General Amano is one of Time Magazine’s “People Who Mattered” in 2011

Yukio Amano

                               

A mild-mannered 64-year-old Japanese career diplomat, Yukio Amano managed to spark a wide range of emotions in power centers around the globe: warm smiles in Washington, Paris and London, a torrent of vitriol in Tehran, and ruffled feathers in Moscow and Beijing. That’s because, barely a year into his new job as Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Amano turned up the heat on Iran with a report for the first time giving his U.N. body’s imprimatur to the accusation that Iran may have done research work on nuclear weapons.That report has prompted Western powers to ratchet up sanctions, although Russia, China and other skeptics have not followed suit. And as tension rises, Amano could find himself at the center of the storm in 2012. (Source: Time.com)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_Non-Proliferation_Treaty

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) is at the core of today’s many discussions of international security. Click here for a straightforward primer on the treaty.

    

With 32 of 35 Member States voting yes, the IAEA Board of Governors passed a resolution expressing serious concern about Iran’s nuclear program. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton welcomed today’s resolution to hold Iran accountable for its failure to cooperate on its nuclear program:

"The world has sent a clear and unified message to Tehran that it is deeply troubled by the evidence revealed in last week’s report by Director General Amano. This report supplied the clearest confirmation of what the United States has long believed – that, despite its constant denials, Iran’s government has pursued technologies and equipment that could only be applied to a nuclear weapons program.

Iran has said that it seeks nuclear power solely for peaceful purposes. However, the Director General’s report and today’s action by the IAEA Board of Governors underscore that the international community does not find Iran’s claims credible. The P5+1 countries have affirmed Iran’s right to a peaceful nuclear program but make clear that with that right comes responsibilities – responsibilities Iran has yet to fulfill.”

"Iran has the choice to remain isolated outside the norms of the international community, or to take a new path that would bring Iran back into the community of nations as a member in good standing with its obligations. Full transparency and cooperation with the IAEA would be a solid first step. We urge Iran to take that step without delay."
- Ambassador Glyn Davies, U.S. Statement on Iran at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting
"The complete and irreversible denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula remains an essential objective for safeguarding peace and security in the region and preserving the integrity of the global nonproliferation regime."
- Ambassador Davies to the IAEA Goard of Governors
Today, the IAEA launched an interactive website devoted to the implementation of its nuclear safety action plan. It’s an interesting and useful tool.

Today, the IAEA launched an interactive website devoted to the implementation of its nuclear safety action plan. It’s an interesting and useful tool.

Nuclear Test Inspection Exercise Approved

In October a meeting of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) took place in Vienna, Austria. States who signed the treaty decided to provide funding for a CTBTO field exercise which will take place in 2014. This video provides some impressions from the meeting, some footage from the CTBTO monitoring system and past field exercise, and features a short interview with the U.S. Mission’s Arms Control Counselor.

From the Manhattan Project to the Cloud: Arms Control in the Information Age

Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance Rose Gottemoeller delivered the Sidney Drell Lecture at Stanford University on October 27, 2011.

US Interagency Team will Meet North Korean Delegation in Geneva October 24-25

In Geneva, the U.S. and North Korean delegations will continue discussions to determine if North Korea is prepared to implement its obligations under UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874 and its commitments under the 2005 Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks, including concrete steps toward denuclearization. More

Addressing Potential Threats from Iran: Administration Perspectives on Implementing New Economic Sanctions One Year Later

Statement to the Senate Banking Committee by Wendy Sherman, Under Secretary for Political Affairs.  Washington, DC.  October 13, 2011

Ambassador Davies: Progress at the IAEA

US Ambassador to International Organizations in Vienna Glyn Davies Davies’ latest blog entry offers a recap of the progress made during the IAEA’s recent General Conference in Vienna.

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